Ever-Power Worm Gear Reducer
High-efficiency, high-strength double-enveloping worm reducer
Low friction coefficient upon the gearing for high efficiency.
Powered by long-lasting worm gears.
Minimum speed fluctuation with low noise and low vibration.
Lightweight and compact relative to its high load capacity.
The structural strength of our cast iron, Heavy-duty Right angle (HdR) series worm gearbox is because of how we dual up the bearings on the input shaft. HdR series reducers are available in speed ratios ranging from 5:1 to 60:1 with imperial center distances ranging from 1.33 to 3.25 inches. Also, our gearboxes are given a brass springtime loaded breather plug and come pre-packed with Mobil SHC634 synthetic gear oil.
Hypoid versus. Worm Gears: A More Cost Effective Right-Angle Reducer
Worm reducers have already been the go-to remedy for right-angle power transmission for generations. Touted because of their low-cost and robust structure, worm reducers could be
found in almost every industrial establishing requiring this kind of transmission. Sadly, they are inefﬁcient at slower speeds and higher reductions, produce a lot of high temperature, take up a whole lot of space, and need regular maintenance.
Fortunately, there can be an option to worm gear pieces: the hypoid gear. Typically used in auto applications, gearmotor companies have begun integrating hypoid gearing into right-angle gearmotors to solve the issues that arise with worm reducers. Available in smaller general sizes and higher reduction potential, hypoid gearmotors have a broader range of possible uses than their worm counterparts. This not merely Gearbox Worm Drive enables heavier torque loads to be transferred at higher efﬁciencies, but it opens opportunities for applications where space is certainly a limiting factor. They are able to sometimes be costlier, however the financial savings in efﬁciency and maintenance are really worth it.
The following analysis is targeted towards engineers specifying worm gearmotors in the range of 1/50 to 3 horsepower, and in applications where speed and torque are controlled.
Just how do Worm Gears and Hypoid Gears Differ?
In a worm gear established there are two components: the input worm, and the output worm gear. The worm is usually a screw-like gear, that rotates perpendicular to its corresponding worm equipment (Figure 1). For example, in a worm gearbox with a 5:1 ratio, the worm will full ﬁve revolutions as the output worm equipment is only going to complete one. With an increased ratio, for instance 60:1, the worm will full 60 revolutions per one result revolution. It really is this fundamental set up that triggers the inefﬁciencies in worm reducers.
Worm Gear Set
To rotate the worm gear, the worm only encounters sliding friction. There is no rolling component to the tooth contact (Shape 2).
In high reduction applications, such as for example 60:1, you will see a large amount of sliding friction due to the high number of input revolutions required to spin the output gear once. Low input speed applications have problems with the same friction problem, but also for a different cause. Since there exists a lot of tooth contact, the initial energy to start rotation is higher than that of a similar hypoid reducer. When powered at low speeds, the worm needs more energy to continue its motion along the worm gear, and lots of that energy is lost to friction.
Hypoid vs. Worm Gears: A More AFFORDABLE Right-Angle Reducer
On the other hand, hypoid gear sets consist of the input hypoid gear, and the output hypoid bevel equipment (Figure 3).
Hypoid Gear Set
The hypoid gear arranged is a hybrid of bevel and worm equipment technologies. They encounter friction losses due to the meshing of the apparatus teeth, with minimal sliding involved. These losses are minimized using the hypoid tooth pattern that allows torque to be transferred smoothly and evenly across the interfacing areas. This is what gives the hypoid reducer a mechanical benefit over worm reducers.
How Much Does Effectiveness Actually Differ?
One of the primary complications posed by worm equipment sets is their insufficient efﬁciency, chieﬂy at high reductions and low speeds. Standard efﬁciencies may differ from 40% to 85% for ratios of 60:1 to 10:1 respectively. Conversely, hypoid equipment sets are usually 95% to 99% efﬁcient (Figure 4).
Worm vs Hypoid Efficiency
In the case of worm gear sets, they do not operate at peak efﬁciency until a specific “break-in” period has occurred. Worms are typically made of metal, with the worm equipment being made of bronze. Since bronze is certainly a softer metallic it is proficient at absorbing weighty shock loads but will not operate efficiently until it has been work-hardened. The heat generated from the friction of regular working conditions helps to harden the surface of the worm gear.
With hypoid gear models, there is absolutely no “break-in” period; they are usually made from steel which has recently been carbonitride heat treated. This allows the drive to use at peak efﬁciency from the moment it is installed.
Why is Efficiency Important?
Efﬁciency is among the most important factors to consider whenever choosing a gearmotor. Since many employ a long service existence, choosing a high-efﬁciency reducer will reduce costs related to operation and maintenance for years to arrive. Additionally, a far more efﬁcient reducer allows for better reduction ability and usage of a motor that
consumes less electrical energy. Single stage worm reducers are typically limited by ratios of 5:1 to 60:1, while hypoid gears have a decrease potential of 5:1 up to 120:1. Typically, hypoid gears themselves just go up to decrease ratios of 10:1, and the excess reduction is supplied by a different type of gearing, such as for example helical.
Hypoid drives may have an increased upfront cost than worm drives. This can be attributed to the additional processing techniques necessary to generate hypoid gearing such as for example machining, heat treatment, and special grinding methods. Additionally, hypoid gearboxes typically use grease with extreme pressure additives rather than oil that will incur higher costs. This cost difference is made up for over the lifetime of the gearmotor due to increased efficiency and reduced maintenance.
An increased efﬁciency hypoid reducer will eventually waste much less energy and maximize the energy getting transferred from the engine to the driven shaft. Friction is definitely wasted energy that requires the form of heat. Since worm gears create more friction they operate much hotter. Oftentimes, utilizing a hypoid reducer eliminates the necessity for cooling ﬁns on the engine casing, further reducing maintenance costs that might be required to keep the ﬁns clean and dissipating heat properly. A evaluation of motor surface area temperature between worm and hypoid gearmotors are available in Figure 5.
In testing both gearmotors had equally sized motors and carried the same load; the worm gearmotor created 133 in-lb of torque as the hypoid gearmotor produced 204 in-lb of torque. This difference in torque is because of the inefﬁciencies of the worm reducer. The electric motor surface temperature of both devices began at 68°F, area temperature. After 100 minutes of operating time, the temperature of both systems began to level off, concluding the check. The difference in temperature at this time was significant: the worm device reached a surface area temperature of 151.4°F, as the hypoid unit just reached 125.0°F. A notable difference around 26.4°F. Despite being driven by the same motor, the worm unit not only produced less torque, but also wasted more energy. Bottom line, this can lead to a much heftier electrical bill for worm users.
As previously stated and proven, worm reducers run much hotter than equivalently rated hypoid reducers. This decreases the service life of the drives by putting extra thermal stress on the lubrication, bearings, seals, and gears. After long-term contact with high heat, these components can fail, and oil changes are imminent because of lubrication degradation.
Since hypoid reducers run cooler, there is little to no maintenance required to keep them working at peak performance. Essential oil lubrication is not needed: the cooling potential of grease is enough to guarantee the reducer will operate effectively. This eliminates the necessity for breather holes and any mounting constraints posed by essential oil lubricated systems. Additionally it is not necessary to displace lubricant since the grease is intended to last the life time usage of the gearmotor, getting rid of downtime and increasing productivity.
More Power in a Smaller Package
Smaller motors can be utilized in hypoid gearmotors due to the more efﬁcient transfer of energy through the gearbox. In some instances, a 1 horsepower electric motor driving a worm reducer can create the same output as a comparable 1/2 horsepower motor generating a hypoid reducer. In a single study by Nissei Corporation, both a worm and hypoid reducer were compared for make use of on an equivalent app. This research ﬁxed the decrease ratio of both gearboxes to 60:1 and compared electric motor power and result torque as it related to power drawn. The study figured a 1/2 HP hypoid gearmotor can be utilized to provide similar performance to a 1 HP worm gearmotor, at a fraction of the electrical cost. A ﬁnal result displaying a comparison of torque and power usage was prepared (Figure 6).
Worm vs Hypoid Power Consumption
With this decrease in engine size, comes the benefit to use these drives in more applications where space is a constraint. Because of the way the axes of the gears intersect, worm gears consider up more space than hypoid gears (Number 7).
Worm vs Hypoid Axes
Coupled with the capability to use a smaller sized motor, the entire footprint of the hypoid gearmotor is much smaller sized than that of a comparable worm gearmotor. This also helps make working conditions safer since smaller sized gearmotors pose a lower risk of interference (Figure 8).
Worm vs Hypoid Footprint Compairson
Another beneﬁt of hypoid gearmotors is usually that they are symmetrical along their centerline (Determine 9). Worm gearmotors are asymmetrical and result in machines that are not as aesthetically satisfying and limit the amount of possible mounting positions.
Worm vs Hypoid Form Comparison
In motors of equivalent power, hypoid drives considerably outperform their worm counterparts. One important aspect to consider is usually that hypoid reducers can move loads from a dead stop with more ease than worm reducers (Number 10).
Worm vs Hypoid Allowable Inertia
Additionally, hypoid gearmotors can transfer considerably more torque than worm gearmotors over a 30:1 ratio due to their higher efﬁciency (Figure 11).
Worm vs Hypoid Output Torque
Both comparisons, of allowable inertia and torque produced, were performed using equally sized motors with both hypoid and worm reducers. The results in both research are clear: hypoid reducers transfer power more effectively.
The Hypoid Gear Advantage
As demonstrated throughout, the benefits of hypoid reducers speak for themselves. Their design allows them to run more efﬁciently, cooler, and provide higher reduction ratios in comparison with worm reducers. As confirmed using the studies provided throughout, hypoid gearmotors are designed for higher initial inertia loads and transfer more torque with a smaller sized motor than a comparable worm gearmotor.
This can lead to upfront savings by allowing the user to buy a smaller motor, and long-term savings in electrical and maintenance costs.
This also allows hypoid gearmotors to be a better option in space-constrained applications. As shown, the overall footprint and symmetric style of hypoid gearmotors makes for a far more aesthetically pleasing design while enhancing workplace safety; with smaller sized, much less cumbersome gearmotors there exists a smaller chance of interference with workers or machinery. Obviously, hypoid gearmotors will be the most suitable choice for long-term cost savings and reliability in comparison to worm gearmotors.
Brother Gearmotors provides a family group of gearmotors that boost operational efﬁciencies and reduce maintenance requirements and downtime. They provide premium efﬁciency units for long-term energy financial savings. Besides being highly efﬁcient, its hypoid/helical gearmotors are small in proportions and sealed forever. They are light, dependable, and offer high torque at low velocity unlike their worm counterparts. They are permanently sealed with an electrostatic coating for a high-quality ﬁnish that assures regularly tough, water-tight, chemically resistant units that withstand harsh circumstances. These gearmotors likewise have multiple regular speciﬁcations, options, and mounting positions to make sure compatibility.
Material: 7005 aluminum gear box, SAE 841 bronze worm gear, 303/304 stainless steel worm
Weight: 105.5 g per gear box
Size: 64 mm x 32 mm x 32 mm
Thickness: 2 mm
Gear Ratios: 4:1
Take note: The helical spur gear attaches to 4.7 mm D-shaft diameter. The worm gear attaches to 6 mm or 4.7 mm D-shaft diameters.
Worm Gear Quickness Reducers is rated 5.0 out of 5 by 1.
8 Ratios Available from 5:1 to 60:1
7 Gear Box Sizes from 1.33 to 3.25″
Universally Interchangeable Design for OEM Replacement
Double Bearings Applied to Both Shaft Ends
Anti-Rust Primer Applied Outside and inside Gearbox
Shaft Sleeve Protects All Shafts
S45C Carbon Metal Shafts
Flange Mount Models for 56C and 145TC Motors
Ever-Power A/S offers an extremely wide range of worm gearboxes. Due to the modular design the typical program comprises countless combinations when it comes to selection of equipment housings, installation and connection choices, flanges, shaft designs, type of oil, surface treatments etc.
Sturdy and reliable
The look of the EP worm gearbox is simple and well proven. We just use top quality components such as homes in cast iron, aluminium and stainless, worms in the event hardened and polished metal and worm tires in high-quality bronze of special alloys ensuring the the best wearability. The seals of the worm gearbox are given with a dirt lip which successfully resists dust and water. Furthermore, the gearboxes are greased for life with synthetic oil.
Large reduction 100:1 in one step
As default the worm gearboxes allow for reductions as high as 100:1 in one step or 10.000:1 in a double reduction. An equivalent gearing with the same gear ratios and the same transferred power can be bigger when compared to a worm gearing. In the mean time, the worm gearbox can be in a far more simple design.
A double reduction may be composed of 2 regular gearboxes or as a particular gearbox.
Maximum output torque
5:1 – 90:1
5:1 – 75:1
7:1 – 60:1
7:1 – 100:1
7:1 – 60:1
7:1 – 100:1
Other product benefits of worm gearboxes in the EP-Series:
Compact design is among the key terms of the typical gearboxes of the EP-Series. Further optimisation may be accomplished through the use of adapted gearboxes or unique gearboxes.
Our worm gearboxes and actuators are extremely quiet. This is because of the very smooth running of the worm equipment combined with the use of cast iron and high precision on element manufacturing and assembly. Regarding the our precision gearboxes, we consider extra treatment of any sound that can be interpreted as a murmur from the apparatus. Therefore the general noise level of our gearbox is definitely reduced to a complete minimum.
On the worm gearbox the input shaft and output shaft are perpendicular to each other. This often proves to become a decisive advantage producing the incorporation of the gearbox substantially simpler and smaller sized.The worm gearbox can be an angle gear. This is an edge for incorporation into constructions.
Solid bearings in solid housing
The output shaft of the EP worm gearbox is quite firmly embedded in the apparatus house and is ideal for immediate suspension for wheels, movable arms and other parts rather than having to build a separate suspension.
For larger gear ratios, Ever-Power worm gearboxes provides a self-locking impact, which in many situations can be used as brake or as extra security. Also spindle gearboxes with a trapezoidal spindle are self-locking, making them well suited for a wide variety of solutions.
Ever-Power Worm Gear Reducer